Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (Triple A or AAA)

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (Triple A or AAA)

1) Definition1
2) Causes1
3) Risk factors1
4) Symptoms2
5) Complications2
6) Tests and diagnosis3
7) Treatment4
8) Home remedies and prevention4
1) Definition

Front view of abdomen and kidneys comparing a healthy abdominal aorta with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)Aortic artery is the main blood vessel that supply abdomen, pelvis and legs. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a dilation of the abdominal portion of the aorta artery and looks like a balloon. This dilation occurs in a weakened area of the wall of artery.

Aneurysm can occur in any part of the aorta artery and the name of the aneurysm differs according to the area at which aneurysm occurs, where thoracic aortic aneurysm means that the aneurysm occurs in the upper portion of the aorta (i.e. In the thoracic area) but the abdominal aortic aneurysm is the most common.

Types of AAA:-

There are two major types of aneurysms:

1) Saccular, or berry, aneurysms

==> It is the most common

==> Developed on one side of an artery, and may be attached via a stem.

2) Fusiform aneurysms:-

==> There is no stem and the arterial wall bulges on all sides.

Front view of abdomen and kidneys show difference abdominal aneurysm types

2) Causes

The causes of abdominal aortic aneurysm is still unknown. However, some factors increase the risk of this disease. Such as:-

1) Smoking:-

Of course, smoking is the reason of most of disease. Smoking tobacco in any form increases the risk of aortic aneurysm. This risk can be increased or doubled if you suffer from high blood pressure and fatty plaques in your arteries are present (atherosclerosis)

2) Aorta Infection (vasculitis):

In rare cases, an infection or inflammation in in the aortic wall can weaken the aorta walls at the site of the infection or inflammation leading to the aneurysm.

3) Risk Factors
  1. Age:- Elders age 65 years has high risk for developing aortic aneurysm.
  2. Atherosclerosis:- Fatty plaques that buildup on the aortic wall can weaken the artery wall increasing the risk for aortic aneurysm.
  3. Smoking:- As we said, smoking weaken the aortic wall increasing the risk for developing aortic aneurysm.
  4. Sex:- Abdominal aortic aneurysm can be developed in males more often than women.
  5. Family history:- People who have family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm are at high risk for having this condition and the younger people of that family can develop aneurysms at younger ages and at high risk of rupture.


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