Why soaps and detergents dissolve cell membrane

Why soaps and detergents dissolve cell membrane

Soaps and detergents, resemble lipids, are amphipathetic molecules with both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties. The long hydrocarbon chains of soaps and detergents are lipophilic, that is, these chains are able to solubilize hydrocarbons (remember, like dissolves like), while the polar portion of the molecule provides solubility in water.

Soaps and detergents work on oily materials by dissolving their hydrocarbon tails in the oils in a manner such that the polar groups are facing outward into the surrounding water forming micelles around the oil.



How detergent dissolve cell membrane

 Video shows rupture of RBC membrane by a detergent

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